Eyelid Reconstruction: An Algorithm Based on Defect Location

Muntazim Mukit, Fabliha Anbar, Kalyan Dadireddy, Petros Konofaos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eyelid reconstruction is a complex topic. This review looks at articles from 1990 to 2018 on eyelid reconstruction that had at least 10 patients and a mean 6 month follow-up. The authors present the results of our findings and propose an algorithm to guide the surgeon in choosing the best technique based on location, size, and lamella. Defects less than 1/3rd of the upper or lower eyelid may be closed primarily. Anterior and posterior lamella defects of the lower eyelid greater than 1/3rd in size should be reconstructed with a double mucosal and myocutaneous island flap. Those greater than 50% in size should be recreated with a Tripier flap for the anterior lamella and conchal chondroperichondral graft for the posterior lamella. For total lid reconstruction, a Fricke flap is best for the anterior lamella and the tarsoconjunctival free graft/lateral orbital rim periosteal flap is best for the posterior lamella. Fullthickness defects between 1/3rd and 2/3rd in size of the upper eyelid should be reconstructed with a myotarsocutaneous flap and those greater than 2/3rd should be reconstructed with a Cutler-Beard flap for the anterior lamella and auricular cartilage for the posterior lamella. For the medial canthal region, the island pedicle and horizontal cheek advancement flap is recommended for the anterior lamella and a composite upper lid graft for the posterior lamella. For the lateral canthal region, a bilobed flap is recommended for the anterior lamella and a periosteal flap for the posterior lamella.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-826
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Algorithm
  • anterior lamella
  • defect location
  • eyelid reconstruction
  • posterior lamella

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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