Facilitators and barriers to research participation: perspectives of Latinos with type 2 diabetes

Janett A. Hildebrand, John Billimek, Ellen F. Olshansky, Dara H. Sorkin, Jung Ah Lee, Lorraine S. Evangelista

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: Latinos constitute 17% of the US population and are one of the largest ethnic groups; however, only 7.6% participate in research studies. There is a disproportionately high number of Latinos living with type 2 diabetes mellitus and are at increased risk for cardiovascular events. Research to elicit facilitators and barriers for participation in research and effective recruitment strategies is limited. Aims: This article reports the qualitative findings of a mixed-methods study examining perceived facilitators and barriers for research participation, and explores decision-making processes and ascertains ethnic values that influenced their decisions among Spanish-speaking Latinos with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 participants (mean age 50.8 ± 9.4 years, 76% women and 28% employed). Participants were asked to elaborate on perceived facilitators and barriers to research participation. All interviews were conducted in Spanish. Transcribed interviews were analyzed through conventional content analysis. Results: Three themes emerged from transcribed interviews: (a) lowering barriers to access health-related expertise; (b) language concordance; and (c) trusting relationships. Perceived barriers to research participation included work schedule, childcare, transportation and ethnic beliefs. Conclusion: Strategies to support learning, language concordance and establishing trusting relationships among Spanish-speaking Latinos may be key to increasing Latinos in research studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-741
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Latino
  • health disparities
  • research recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medical–Surgical
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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