Factors affecting aggression in a captive flock of Chilean flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis)

Bonnie M. Perdue, Diann E. Gaalema, Allison L. Martin, Stephanie M. Dampier, Terry L. Maple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The influence of pair bond status, age and sex on aggression rates in a flock of 84 captive Chilean flamingos at Zoo Atlanta was examined. Analysis showed no difference between aggression rates of male and female flamingos, but adult flamingos had higher rates of aggression than juveniles. There were also significant differences in aggression depending on pair bond status (single, same-sex pair, male-female pair or group). Bonded birds were significantly more aggressive than single birds, which is consistent with the concept that unpaired birds are not breeding and do not need to protect pair bonds or eggs. Birds in typical pair bonds (male-female) and atypical pair bonds (same-sex pairs or groups) exhibited similar rates of aggression. These results contribute to the existing body of research on aggression in captive flamingos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalZoo Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Age differences
  • Aggression
  • Flamingo
  • Same-sex pair bond
  • Sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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