Factors Associated With Urgency Urinary Incontinence Among Older Mexican American Women Aged 65 years and Older

Ariza Martinez, Martin A. Rodriguez, Soham Al Snih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to determine which socio-demographic, clinical, or functional factors are associated with urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) over 20-years of follow-up in a community-dwelling sample of Mexican American women aged 65 years and older without UUI at baseline. We included 1,358 women participants from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly study conducted in the southwestern of US (Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas). Measures included self-reported UUI, socio-demographics, smoking status, body mass index, medical conditions, depressive symptoms, physical and cognitive function, and handgrip strength. We used generalized estimating equation models to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) of UUI as a function of socioeconomic, clinical, and functional factors. Self-reported UUI increased from 3.1% to 21.9% from baseline (1993/1994) to follow-up (2012/2013). Current smokers, obesity, arthritis, previous heart attacks, and depressive symptoms were factors associated with greater odds of UUI over time. Identification of these factors can help clinicians determine those at high risk of developing UUI. Preventing and/or treating the risk factors early may delay UUI and increase quality of life in this underserved population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGerontology and Geriatric Medicine
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Hispanics
  • aging
  • epidemiology
  • urination disorders
  • urological manifestation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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