Famalismo Primero and Puerta Cerrada in Self-Managing Diabetes Among Hispanics: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesis

M. Perez-Brescia, C. Tatano Beck, J. Alicea Planas, K. H. Newlin-Lew, R. Whittemore, A. Juarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence is increasing at concerning rates for Hispanics. Researchers have attempted to understand why through quantitative or qualitative studies. This meta-synthesis examines qualitative studies concerning barriers and facilitators that Hispanics face while managing their diabetes. Method: Noblit and Hare’s (1988) defined method of analysis was used to synthesize 15 qualitative studies on Hispanics’ diabetes self-management. Results: Findings revealed two themes: (a) famalismo primero and (b) puerta cerrada, translating to family first and closed door, respectively. In famalismo primero, Hispanics with T2D prioritize family, and receive support, motivation, and knowledge from them first; puerta cerrada is tied to barriers such as cost of services and patient–provider relationships. Discussion: Inclusion of family in diabetes self-management provides support and motivation for Hispanics. Hispanics experience barriers to access health care that may interfere with diabetes self-management, which need to be addressed to promote health equity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-674
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Hispanics
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • cultural sensitivity
  • qualitative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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