HIV-negative individuals with a family history of dementia (FHD) are more likely to develop dementia than those without FHD. Whether FHD increases risk for neuropsychological (NP) impairment in HIV+ persons is unknown. As part of a multisite study into HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), the authors captured FHD with a free-response, self-report question, and assessed NP performance with a comprehensive battery of tests. The authors examined HIV+ persons with (N=190) and without (N=916) self-reported FHD. Despite the fact that the FHD group had factors typically associated with better NP performance (e.g., higher CD4 counts and estimated verbal IQ), persons with FHD had significantly worse NP ability than those without FHD as measured by a Global Deficit Score. Thus, FHD appears to be a risk factor for HAND; the mechanism(s) underlying how FHD contributes to NP impairment among HIV+ persons warrants study.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences|
|State||Published - 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Clinical Neurology