Fatal hemorrhage secondary to ulcerated epiphrenic pseudodiverticulum

Lei Chen, Eric M. Walser, Vicki Schnadig

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7 Scopus citations


A 47-year-old man was found unconscious after experiencing severe hematemesis. He had a history of alcohol abuse, hepatic cirrhosis, and previous episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding, imaging studies indicated that the left gastric artery was the probable source of bleeding. A severe coagulopathy was also noted clinically. Angiographic embolization of the left gastric artery failed to staunch bleeding, and the patient died shortly after admission. Autopsy demonstrated a large, ulcerated epiphrenic esophageal pseudodiverticulum, the base of which was in close proximity to an esophageal branch of the left gastric artery. Cystic dilatation of adjacent esophageal submucosal glands was also seen. Gelatin embolic material, without associated thrombus formation, was found within the left gastric artery. Esophageal pseudodiverticulosis is an uncommon disorder that may be associated with dysphagia, stricture, and odynophagia. Bleeding and perforation are very rare complications. This case may be the first fatality proven by autopsy to be secondary to esophageal pseudodiverticulosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-870
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology


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