A 47-year-old man was found unconscious after experiencing severe hematemesis. He had a history of alcohol abuse, hepatic cirrhosis, and previous episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding, imaging studies indicated that the left gastric artery was the probable source of bleeding. A severe coagulopathy was also noted clinically. Angiographic embolization of the left gastric artery failed to staunch bleeding, and the patient died shortly after admission. Autopsy demonstrated a large, ulcerated epiphrenic esophageal pseudodiverticulum, the base of which was in close proximity to an esophageal branch of the left gastric artery. Cystic dilatation of adjacent esophageal submucosal glands was also seen. Gelatin embolic material, without associated thrombus formation, was found within the left gastric artery. Esophageal pseudodiverticulosis is an uncommon disorder that may be associated with dysphagia, stricture, and odynophagia. Bleeding and perforation are very rare complications. This case may be the first fatality proven by autopsy to be secondary to esophageal pseudodiverticulosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology