Feeding the low-birth-weight infant: II. Effects of taurine and cholesterol supplementation on amino acids and cholesterol

D. K. Rassin, G. E. Gaull, A. L. Jarvenpaa, N. C R Raiha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plasma and urine concentrations of taurine were consistently lower in preterm infants fed unsupplemented formula than those observed in the infants fed human milk or formulas supplemented with taurine alone or with taurine plus cholesterol. Such supplementation of formula restored plasma and urine concentrations of taurine to those observed in the infants fed human milk. Taurine was the only amino acid that was present at lower concentrations in the infants fed unsupplemented formula than in those fed human milk. The other acidic and neutral amino acids were present in higher concentrations in the formula-fed infants than in the group fed human milk either during the early weeks of the study (serine, glutamine, glycine, alanine, tyrosine, and methionine) or consistently higher during the entire study (threonine, glutamate, citrulline, valine, isoleucine, leucine, and phenylalanine). Supplementation of formula with taurine plus cholesterol did not appear to have any effect on the amino acid concentrations in the plasma and urine, other than that on taurine itself. Plasma total cholesterol concentration decreased during the fifth to the 12th postnatal weeks of life in all feeding groups. It then returned to the concentrations found during the first and third postnatal weeks in all feeding groups except in the infants fed formulas supplemented with taurine plus cholesterol which had a greater decrease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalPediatrics
Volume71
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taurine
Low Birth Weight Infant
Cholesterol
Amino Acids
Human Milk
Infant Formula
Urine
Acidic Amino Acids
Neutral Amino Acids
Citrulline
Isoleucine
Valine
Threonine
Glutamine
Phenylalanine
Premature Infants
Leucine
Alanine
Methionine
Glycine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Rassin, D. K., Gaull, G. E., Jarvenpaa, A. L., & Raiha, N. C. R. (1983). Feeding the low-birth-weight infant: II. Effects of taurine and cholesterol supplementation on amino acids and cholesterol. Pediatrics, 71(2), 179-186.

Feeding the low-birth-weight infant : II. Effects of taurine and cholesterol supplementation on amino acids and cholesterol. / Rassin, D. K.; Gaull, G. E.; Jarvenpaa, A. L.; Raiha, N. C R.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 71, No. 2, 1983, p. 179-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rassin, DK, Gaull, GE, Jarvenpaa, AL & Raiha, NCR 1983, 'Feeding the low-birth-weight infant: II. Effects of taurine and cholesterol supplementation on amino acids and cholesterol', Pediatrics, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 179-186.
Rassin, D. K. ; Gaull, G. E. ; Jarvenpaa, A. L. ; Raiha, N. C R. / Feeding the low-birth-weight infant : II. Effects of taurine and cholesterol supplementation on amino acids and cholesterol. In: Pediatrics. 1983 ; Vol. 71, No. 2. pp. 179-186.
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