Proteção fetal frente a desafio com o vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV) em ovelhas imunizadas com duas amostras de virus modificadas experimentalmente

Translated title of the contribution: Fetal protection against challenge with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in pregnant ewes immunized with two strains experimentally attenuated

Mário C S Brum, Rudi Weiblen, Eduardo F. Flores, Edviges M. Pituco, Fernando L. Tobias, Evandro R. Winkelmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two isolates of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) submitted to multiple passages in tissue culture associated with ultraviolet irradiation were evaluated as vaccine virus candidates. The attenuation of the modified viruses was assessed in calves and in pregnant ewes. Intramuscular inoculation of the viruses in four seronegative calves produced only a mild and transient rise in body temperature, followed by the production of high titers of neutralizing antibodies. The viruses were not detected in nasal secretions or in the blood following inoculation. However, intramuscular inoculation of these viruses in four pregnant ewes resulted in transplacental transmission and infection of all fetuses. To assess fetal protection conferred by immunization, pregnant ewes immunized twice with the modified viruses were subsequently challenged by intranasal inoculation of BVDV-1 (SV-126.8, n=6) or BVDV-2 (SV-260, n=5). At the day of challenge (134 days after the second immunization), all ewes had high titers of neutralizing antibodies (256 to >4096) to the vaccine viruses and variable titers (8 to >4096) to Brazilian BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 field isolates. Fifteen days after challenge, the ewes were euthanized and fetal tissues were examined for infectivity. All fetuses from non-vaccinated, challenged ewes (n=4) were infected. In contrast, none of the fetuses from the immunized dams (n=11) were positive for virus, indicating that the immunological response induced by immunization with the vaccine candidate viruses was capable of preventing fetal infection. These results indicate that it is possible to achieve fetal protection to BVDV by induction of a strong immunological response using modified live vaccines.

Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)64-72
Number of pages9
JournalPesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira
Volume22
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bovine Viral Diarrhea Viruses
Bovine viral diarrhea virus
ewes
Viruses
viruses
Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2
Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1
Fetus
Vaccines
vaccination
Immunization
transplacental transmission
fetus
immunization
Neutralizing Antibodies
vaccines
neutralizing antibodies
Virus Activation
immune response
calves

Keywords

  • Bovine viral diarrhea virus
  • BVDV
  • Fetal protection
  • Sheep
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Proteção fetal frente a desafio com o vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV) em ovelhas imunizadas com duas amostras de virus modificadas experimentalmente. / Brum, Mário C S; Weiblen, Rudi; Flores, Eduardo F.; Pituco, Edviges M.; Tobias, Fernando L.; Winkelmann, Evandro R.

In: Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira, Vol. 22, No. 2, 04.2002, p. 64-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brum, Mário C S ; Weiblen, Rudi ; Flores, Eduardo F. ; Pituco, Edviges M. ; Tobias, Fernando L. ; Winkelmann, Evandro R. / Proteção fetal frente a desafio com o vírus da diarréia viral bovina (BVDV) em ovelhas imunizadas com duas amostras de virus modificadas experimentalmente. In: Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira. 2002 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 64-72.
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abstract = "Two isolates of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) submitted to multiple passages in tissue culture associated with ultraviolet irradiation were evaluated as vaccine virus candidates. The attenuation of the modified viruses was assessed in calves and in pregnant ewes. Intramuscular inoculation of the viruses in four seronegative calves produced only a mild and transient rise in body temperature, followed by the production of high titers of neutralizing antibodies. The viruses were not detected in nasal secretions or in the blood following inoculation. However, intramuscular inoculation of these viruses in four pregnant ewes resulted in transplacental transmission and infection of all fetuses. To assess fetal protection conferred by immunization, pregnant ewes immunized twice with the modified viruses were subsequently challenged by intranasal inoculation of BVDV-1 (SV-126.8, n=6) or BVDV-2 (SV-260, n=5). At the day of challenge (134 days after the second immunization), all ewes had high titers of neutralizing antibodies (256 to >4096) to the vaccine viruses and variable titers (8 to >4096) to Brazilian BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 field isolates. Fifteen days after challenge, the ewes were euthanized and fetal tissues were examined for infectivity. All fetuses from non-vaccinated, challenged ewes (n=4) were infected. In contrast, none of the fetuses from the immunized dams (n=11) were positive for virus, indicating that the immunological response induced by immunization with the vaccine candidate viruses was capable of preventing fetal infection. These results indicate that it is possible to achieve fetal protection to BVDV by induction of a strong immunological response using modified live vaccines.",
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