The serotonin2C receptor (5-HT2CR) is a member of the serotonin2 family of 7-transmembrane-spanning (7-TMS) receptors, which possesses unique molecular and pharmacological properties such as constitutive activity and RNA editing. The 5-HT2CR is widely expressed within the central nervous system, where is thought to play a major role in the regulation of neuronal network excitability. In keeping with its ability to modulate dopamine (DA) neuron function in the brain, the 5-HT2CR is currently considered as a major target for improved treatments of neuropsychiatric disorders related to DA neuron dysfunction, such as depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease or drug addiction. The aim of this review is to provide an update of the functional status of the central 5-HT2CR, covering molecular, cellular, anatomical, biochemical and behavioral aspects to highlight its distinctive regulatory properties, the emerging functional significance of constitutive activity and RNA editing in vivo, and the therapeutic potential of inverse agonism.
- 5-HT receptor
- Constitutive activity
- RNA editing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience