Flow Diverter Performance in Aneurysms Arising From the Posterior Communicating Artery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Juan Vivanco-Suarez, Aaron Rodriguez-Calienes, Peter T. Kan, Ajay K. Wakhloo, Vitor M. Pereira, Ricardo Hanel, Demetrius Klee Lopes, Milagros Galecio-Castillo, Susan Anil, Mudassir Farooqui, Ajit S. Puri, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Flow diverters (FDs) have demonstrated a safe and effective profile. However, the use of FDs for posterior communicating artery (PComA) aneurysms remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of FDs for PComA aneurysms using a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. METHODS: We performed a systematic search from inception until June 2022 for flow diversion in PComA aneurysms. Primary effectiveness was the rate of complete aneurysm occlusion defined by Raymond-Roy class 1. Primary safety outcomes were treatment-related ischemic/hemorrhagic (composite) events causing morbidity and mortality. Secondary safety was PComA patency at follow-up. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to calculate proportions, and statistical heterogeneity was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies with 397 patients harboring 403 aneurysms were included. Mean age was 48 years, and the mean aneurysm size was 5.3 mm. Most aneurysms were unruptured (65%). Complete occlusion at final follow-up was 73% (CI 66%-79%), and adjunctive coils were used in 10% of aneurysms. Retreatment rate was 2% (CI 0%-9%). The primary safety composite outcome was 4% (CI 3%-7%), and mortality was 1%. PComA patency at final follow-up was 76% (CI 57%-89%). Subgroup analysis, patients with fetal PComAs had a lower complete occlusion rate (42% fetal PComA vs 77%, p subgroup difference = <.01). CONCLUSION: The performance of FDs in PComA aneurysms is comparable with outcomes found in other subtypes of supraclinoid aneurysms. Effectiveness was acceptable and safety favorable. However, effectiveness was suboptimal in patients with fetal-type PComAs; alternative treatments should be considered in these cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)764-772
Number of pages9
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • Flow diversion
  • Intracranial aneurysms
  • Posterior communicating artery
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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