FMARS 2007

Stress and coping in an arctic Mars simulation

Sheryl L. Bishop, Ryan Kobrick, Melissa Battler, Kim Binsted

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: In the summer of 2007, the Mars Society conducted a four-month simulated Mars exploration mission at the Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (FMARS), in the Canadian High Arctic on Devon Island, Nunavut. In addition to an intense mission profile of research, the team also operated on the Martian 'sol', (39 minutes longer than the 24 hour Earth day), for over a month, to evaluate the effects on crew psychophysiology or mission operations. Methods: Team members completed the AstroPCI personality inventory as well as an online questionnaire battery dealing with stress, coping and group functioning on five occasions throughout the mission (pre and monthly). Results: Descriptive analyses indicated differences between individual coping styles across time as well as differences in how the genders coped. Overall, stress increased for males while decreasing for females. Males used consistently more Avoidant coping while females utilized Task coping and Social Emotional coping. Conclusions: Simulations situated in environments that are characterized by prolonged true isolation and real environmental challenges appear to provoke true demands for adaptation rather than temporary situational accommodation as has been evidenced by shorter simulations situated in laboratories or more benign environments. Both complimentary and compensatory coping patterns were in evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008
Pages24-33
Number of pages10
Volume1
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 29 2008Oct 3 2008

Other

Other59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period9/29/0810/3/08

Fingerprint

mars
Mars
Psychophysiology
stations
Sols
psychophysiology
simulation
Earth (planet)
personality
Mars exploration
crews
accommodation
gender
summer
electric batteries
isolation
station
profiles
battery
effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Bishop, S. L., Kobrick, R., Battler, M., & Binsted, K. (2008). FMARS 2007: Stress and coping in an arctic Mars simulation. In International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008 (Vol. 1, pp. 24-33)

FMARS 2007 : Stress and coping in an arctic Mars simulation. / Bishop, Sheryl L.; Kobrick, Ryan; Battler, Melissa; Binsted, Kim.

International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1 2008. p. 24-33.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Bishop, SL, Kobrick, R, Battler, M & Binsted, K 2008, FMARS 2007: Stress and coping in an arctic Mars simulation. in International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. vol. 1, pp. 24-33, 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 9/29/08.
Bishop SL, Kobrick R, Battler M, Binsted K. FMARS 2007: Stress and coping in an arctic Mars simulation. In International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1. 2008. p. 24-33
Bishop, Sheryl L. ; Kobrick, Ryan ; Battler, Melissa ; Binsted, Kim. / FMARS 2007 : Stress and coping in an arctic Mars simulation. International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008. Vol. 1 2008. pp. 24-33
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