Frequency and Risk Factors of Hypoparathyroidism after Total Thyroidectomy

Rizwan Khan, Anila Ahmed, Nazia Khatoon, Sobia Majeed, Sumta Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To identify the frequency and risk factors of post-surgical hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. Study Design: Randomized clinical study Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of General Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre Karachi from January 2020 to January 2021 for a period of one-year. Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty eight patients planned for total thyroidectomy were included. Frequency of hypoparathyroidism was noted at 6 months’ follow-up. Risk factors of hypo-parathyroidism were determined by applying logistic regression. Results: Transient hypoparathyroidism was seen more in carcinoma, thyroiditis and parathyroid disease patients, 44 (93.6%), 10 (21.2%) and 9 (19.1%) versus 94 (77.2%), 73 (60.2%) and 14 (11.57%, p-values 0.03, 0.048, and 0.001 respectively). Transient hypoparathyroidism seen more in lateral lymph node dissection patients including both central lymph node dissection and modified radical neck dissection, p= 0.002 and 0.03 respectively. Female gender was highly correlative with hypoparathyroidism with odds ratio OR= 2.246 (1.282–3.120, p=0.001), pathological condition of parathyroid gland OR= 1.620 (1.087–2.046, p=0.029) and extent of central lymph node dissection (bilateral) OR= 1.637 (0.081-2.231, p=0.018). Conclusion: The independent risk factors for hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy are; female gender, bilateral central lymph node dissection and extent of central lymph node dissection, pre-operative parathyroid gland pathology and malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-109
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Forum Monthly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Frequency
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Risk factors
  • Total thyroidectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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