Functional cross-talk between β-catenin and NFκB signaling pathways in colonic crypts of mice in response to progastrin

Shahid Umar, Shubhashish Sarkar, Yu Wang, Pomila Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

We recently reported a critical role of NFκB in mediating hyperproliferative and anti-apoptotic effects of progastrin on proximal colonic crypts of transgenic mice overexpressing progastrin (Fabp-PG mice). We now report activation of β-catenin in colonic crypts of mice in response to chronic (Fabp-PG mice) and acute (wild type FVB/N mice) progastrin stimulation. Significant increases were measured in relative levels of cellular and nuclear β-catenin and pβ-cat45 in proximal colonic crypts of Fabp-PG mice compared with that in wild type littermates. Distal colonic crypts were less responsive. Interestingly, β-catenin activation was downstream of IKKα,β/NFκB, because treatment of Fabp-PG mice with the NFκB essential modulator (NEMO) peptide (inhibitor of IKKα,β/NFκB activation) significantly blocked increases in cellular/nuclear levels of total β-catenin/pβ-cat45/and pβ-cat552 in proximal colons. Cellular levels of pβ-cat33,37,41, however, increased in proximal colons in response to NEMO, probably because of a significant increase in pGSK-3βTyr216, facilitating degradation of β-catenin. NEMO peptide significantly blocked increases in cyclin D1 expression, thereby, abrogating hyperplasia of proximal crypts. Goblet cell hyperplasia in colonic crypts of Fabp-PG mice was abrogated by NEMOtreatment, suggesting a cross-talk between the NFκB/ β-catenin and Notch pathways. Cellular proliferation and crypt lengths increased significantly in proximal but not distal crypts of FVB/ N mice injected with 1 nM progastrin associated with a significant increase in cellular/nuclear levels of total β-catenin and cyclin D1. Thus, intracellular signals, activated in response to acute and chronic stimulation with progastrin, were similar and specific to proximal colons. Our studies suggest a novel possibility that activation of β-catenin, downstream to the IKKα,β/NFκB pathway, may be integral to the hyperproliferative effects of progastrin on proximal colonic crypts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22274-22284
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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