Functional impairment of cortical AMPA receptors in schizophrenia

Tommaso Zeppillo, Anton Schulmann, Fabio Macciardi, Brooke E. Hjelm, Melanie Föcking, P. Adolfo Sequeira, Ilaria Guella, David Cotter, William E. Bunney, Agenor Limon, Marquis P. Vawter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clinical and preclinical studies suggest that some of the behavioral alterations observed in schizophrenia (SZ) may be mechanistically linked to synaptic dysfunction of glutamatergic signaling. Recent genetic and proteomic studies suggest alterations of cortical glutamate receptors of the AMPA-type (AMPARs), which are the predominant ligand-gated ionic channels of fast transmission at excitatory synapses. The impact of gene and protein alterations on the electrophysiological activity of AMPARs is not known in SZ. In this proof of principle work, using human postmortem brain synaptic membranes isolated from the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), we combined electrophysiological analysis from microtransplanted synaptic membranes (MSM) with transcriptomic (RNA-Seq) and label-free proteomics data in 10 control and 10 subjects diagnosed with SZ. We observed in SZ a reduction in the amplitude of AMPARs currents elicited by kainate, an agonist of AMPARs that blocks the desensitization of the receptor. This reduction was not associated with protein abundance but with a reduction in kainate's potency to activate AMPARs. Electrophysiologically-anchored dataset analysis (EDA) was used to identify synaptosomal proteins that linearly correlate with the amplitude of the AMPARs responses, gene ontology functional annotations were then used to determine protein-protein interactions. Protein modules associated with positive AMPARs current increases were downregulated in SZ, while protein modules that were upregulated in SZ were associated with decreased AMPARs currents. Our results indicate that transcriptomic and proteomic alterations, frequently observed in the DLPFC in SZ, converge at the synaptic level producing a functional electrophysiological impairment of AMPARs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSchizophrenia Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • AMPA receptors
  • Microtransplantation of synaptic membranes
  • Schizophrenia
  • Synaptic dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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  • Cite this

    Zeppillo, T., Schulmann, A., Macciardi, F., Hjelm, B. E., Föcking, M., Sequeira, P. A., Guella, I., Cotter, D., Bunney, W. E., Limon, A., & Vawter, M. P. (Accepted/In press). Functional impairment of cortical AMPA receptors in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2020.03.037