Functional roles of loops 3 and 4 in the cyclic nucleotide binding domain of cyclic AMP receptor protein from Escherichia coli

Ran Chen, J. Ching Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclic AMP is a ubiquitous secondary message that regulates a large variety of functions. The protein structural motif that binds cAMP is highly conserved with the exception of loops 3 and 4, whose structure and length are variable. The cAMP receptor protein of Escherichia coli, CRP, was employed as a model system to elucidate the functional roles of these loops. Based on the sequence differences between CRP and cyclic nucleotide gated channel, three mutants of CRP were constructed: deletion (residues 54-56 in loop 3 were deleted), insertion (loop 4 was lengthened by 5 residues between Glu-78 and Gly-79) and double mutants. The effects of these mutations on the structure and function of CRP were monitored. Results show that the deletion and insertion mutations do not significantly change the secondary structure of CRP, although the tertiary and quaternary structures are perturbed. The functional data indicate that loop 3 modulates the binding affinities of cAMP and DNA. Although the lengthened loop 4 may have some fine-tuning functions, the specific function of the original loop 4 of CRP remains uncertain. The function consequences of mutation in loop 3 of CRP are similar to that of site A and site B in the regulatory subunits of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases. Thus, the roles played by loop 3 in CRP may represent a more common mechanism employed by cyclic nucleotide binding domain in modulating ligand binding affinity and intramolecular communication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13235-13243
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 11 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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