Functional spreading of hyperexcitability induced by human and synthetic intracellular Aβ oligomers

Eduardo J. Fernandez-Perez, Braulio Muñoz, Denisse A. Bascuñan, Christian Peters, Nicolas O. Riffo-Lepe, Maria P. Espinoza, Peter J. Morgan, Caroline Filippi, Romain Bourboulou, Urmi Sengupta, Rakez Kayed, Jérôme Epsztein, Luis G. Aguayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Intracellular amyloid-beta oligomers (iAβo) accumulation and neuronal hyperexcitability are two crucial events at early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, to date, no mechanism linking them has been reported. Methods Here, the effects of human AD brain-derived (h-iAβo) and synthetic (iAβo) peptides on synaptic currents and action potential (AP) firing were investigated in hippocampal neurons in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo. Results Starting from 500 pM, iAβo rapidly increased the frequency of synaptic currents and higher concentrations potentiated the AMPA receptor-mediated current. Both effects were PKC-dependent. Parallel recordings of synaptic currents and nitric oxide (NO)-related fluorescence changes indicated that the increased frequency, related to pre-synaptic release, was dependent on a NO-mediated retrograde signaling. Moreover, increased synchronization in NO production was also observed in neurons neighboring those dialyzed with iAβo, indicating that iAβo can increase network excitability at a distance. Current-clamp recordings suggested that iAβo increased neuronal excitability via AMPA-driven synaptic activity without altering membrane intrinsic properties. Conclusion These results strongly indicate that iAβo causes functional spreading of hyperexcitability through a synaptic-driven mechanism and offer an important neuropathological significance to intracellular species in the initial stages of AD, which include brain hyperexcitability and seizures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2020

Keywords

  • AMPA-R
  • Functional spreading
  • Hyperexcitability
  • Intracellular Aβ
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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