Spitting is a common occurrence in infants and is usually of no consequence. When regurgitation is accompanied by the return of gastric acids into the esophagus, however, it is considered to be gastroesophageal reflux. Failure to thrive, esophagitis, aspiration, chronic respiratory disease, and apnea can all be associated with pathologic gastroesophageal reflux. This paper discusses the causes, symptoms, and treatment modalities for pathologic gastroesophageal reflux. Health care practitioners can play a major role in providing direct care as well as coordinating and evaluating treatment interventions for infants with gastroesophageal reflux. In addition, health care providers can supply the families of these infants with the necessary education and emotional support required to care for their infant.
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