Gender analyses of nursing home residents with multiple sclerosis

Robert J. Buchanan, Suojin Wang, Hyunsu Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To present gender comparisons of residents with multiple sclerosis (MS) at admission to nursing facilities, including demographic characteristics, health measures, and treatments. Methods: We analyzed 13,998 admission assessments in the Minimum Data Set for residents with MS recorded between June 23, 1998 and December 31, 2000. Results: Although both male and female residents with MS tended to have severe disability, there were significant gender differences in measures of activities of daily living (ADL) dependency and disability, with males slightly more likely to exhibit total ADL dependence and greater loss of voluntary movement. Females with MS tended to have significantly better cognitive performance and better communication abilities than males with MS. There were significant gender differences in pain symptoms among residents, with one-third of females and one-fifth of males experiencing daily pain. Depression was the most common comorbidity among residents with MS, with females significantly more likely to have this diagnosis. Although females with MS were slightly more likely to have depression or anxiety disorder, males with MS were slightly more likely to receive mental health services. Conclusions: These analyses demonstrate that many nursing facilities need to improve pain management and mental health care provided to residents with MS, especially to females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-46
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Gender-Specific Medicine
Volume6
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nursing Homes
Multiple Sclerosis
Activities of Daily Living
Nursing
Depression
Pain
Aptitude
Mental Health Services
Pain Management
Anxiety Disorders
Comorbidity
Mental Health
Communication
Demography
Delivery of Health Care
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Gender analyses of nursing home residents with multiple sclerosis. / Buchanan, Robert J.; Wang, Suojin; Ju, Hyunsu.

In: Journal of Gender-Specific Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2003, p. 35-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buchanan, RJ, Wang, S & Ju, H 2003, 'Gender analyses of nursing home residents with multiple sclerosis', Journal of Gender-Specific Medicine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 35-46.
Buchanan, Robert J. ; Wang, Suojin ; Ju, Hyunsu. / Gender analyses of nursing home residents with multiple sclerosis. In: Journal of Gender-Specific Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 35-46.
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