Gender differences on HIV/AIDS-related issues among psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents

F. A. Paniagua, M. O'Boyle, K. D. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Sixty one female and 47 male adolescents (12 to 17 years old) admitted to a psychiatric unit were surveyed regarding HIV/AIDS-related issues. The racial composition includes 64.8% White, 14.8% Black, 13.9% Hispanics, 3.7% Asians, and 2.8% American Indians. Major Depression (29%), Bipolar Disorder (22%), and Adjustment Disorder (15%) constitute the most frequent psychiatric diagnoses. Overall, females demonstrated more HIV/AIDS knowledge and endorsed more positive attitudinal and self-efficacy items than males. Females were more inclined to perceive themselves as less susceptible to HIV infection. Females were also less likely to answer 'don't know' to factual and misconception item HIV/AIDS-related items. Recommendations are provided to clinicians, educators, and researchers interested in the development and implementation of HIV/AIDS education programs for emotionally disturbed adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1997


  • Adolescents
  • Females
  • Males
  • Psychiatric settings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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