Genetic and functional characterization of clonally derived adult human brown adipocytes

Kosaku Shinoda, Ineke H.N. Luijten, Yutaka Hasegawa, Haemin Hong, Si B. Sonne, Miae Kim, Ruidan Xue, Maria Chondronikola, Aaron M. Cypess, Yu Hua Tseng, Jan Nedergaard, Labros S. Sidossis, Shingo Kajimura

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191 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) acts in mammals as a natural defense system against hypothermia, and its activation to a state of increased energy expenditure is believed to protect against the development of obesity. Even though the existence of BAT in adult humans has been widely appreciated, its cellular origin and molecular identity remain elusive largely because of high cellular heterogeneity within various adipose tissue depots. To understand the nature of adult human brown adipocytes at single cell resolution, we isolated clonally derived adipocytes from stromal vascular fractions of adult human BAT from two individuals and globally analyzed their molecular signatures. We used RNA sequencing followed by unbiased genome-wide expression analyses and found that a population of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1)-positive human adipocytes possessed molecular signatures resembling those of a recruitable form of thermogenic adipocytes (that is, beige adipocytes). In addition, we identified molecular markers that were highly enriched in UCP1-positive human adipocytes, a set that included potassium channel K3 (KCNK3) and mitochondrial tumor suppressor 1 (MTUS1). Further, we functionally characterized these two markers using a loss-of-function approach and found that KCNK3 and MTUS1 were required for beige adipocyte differentiation and thermogenic function. The results of this study present new opportunities for human BAT research, such as facilitating cell-based disease modeling and unbiased screens for thermogenic regulators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalNature Medicine
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Shinoda, K., Luijten, I. H. N., Hasegawa, Y., Hong, H., Sonne, S. B., Kim, M., Xue, R., Chondronikola, M., Cypess, A. M., Tseng, Y. H., Nedergaard, J., Sidossis, L. S., & Kajimura, S. (2015). Genetic and functional characterization of clonally derived adult human brown adipocytes. Nature Medicine, 21(4), 389-394. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm.3819