The nuclear enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS) has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury and circulatory shock. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PARS activity may modulate endothelial-neutrophil interaction. We present evidence that genetic disruption of PARS provides protection against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury by inhibiting the expression of P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and, consequently, by inhibiting the recruitment of neutrophils into the jeopardized tissue. Furthermore, using in vitro studies, we demonstrate that in fibroblasts lacking a functional gene for PARS, cytokine-stimulated expression of ICAM-1 is significantly reduced compared with fibroblasts from animals with a normal genotype. Similarly, in cultured human endothelial cells, oxidative- or cytokine-dependent expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 is reduced by pharmacological inhibition of PARS by 3-aminobenzamide. These findings provide the first direct evidence that PARS activation participates in neutrophil-mediated myocardial damage by regulating the expression of P- selectin and ICAM-1 in ischemic and reperfused myocardium, and they also provide the basis for a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of reperfusion injury.
- 3- aminobenzamide
- Cell adhesion molecule
- Nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine