Genetic diversity among Lassa virus strains

Michael D. Bowen, Pierre E. Rollin, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Heather L. Hustad, Daniel G. Bausch, Austin H. Demby, Mary D. Bajani, Clarence J. Peters, Stuart T. Nichol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

The arenavirus Lassa virus causes Lassa fever, a viral hemorrhagic fever that is endemic in the countries of Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea and perhaps elsewhere in West Africa. To determine the degree of genetic diversity among Lassa virus strains, partial nucleoprotein (NP) gene sequences were obtained from 54 strains and analyzed. Phylogenetic analyses showed that Lassa viruses comprise four lineages, three of which are found in Nigeria and the fourth in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Overall strain variation in the partial NP gene sequence was found to be as high as 27% at the nucleotide level and 15% at the amino acid level. Genetic distance among Lassa strains was found to correlate with geographic distance rather than time, and no evidence of a 'molecular clock' was found. A method for amplifying and cloning full-length arenavirus S RNAs was developed and used to obtain the complete NP and glycoprotein gene (GP1 and GP2) sequences for two representative Nigerian strains of Lassa virus. Comparison of full-length gene sequences for four Lassa virus strains representing the four lineages showed that the NP gene (up to 23.8% nucleotide difference and 12.0% amino acid difference) is more variable than the glycoprotein genes. Although the evolutionary order of descent within Lassa virus strains was not completely resolved, the phylogenetic analyses of full-length NP, GP1, and GP2 gene sequences suggested that Nigerian strains of Lassa virus were ancestral to strains from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Compared to the New World arenaviruses, Lassa and the other Old World arenaviruses have either undergone a shorter period of diverisification or are evolving at a slower rate. This study represents the first large-scale examination of Lassa virus genetic variation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6992-7004
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of virology
Volume74
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic diversity among Lassa virus strains'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bowen, M. D., Rollin, P. E., Ksiazek, T. G., Hustad, H. L., Bausch, D. G., Demby, A. H., Bajani, M. D., Peters, C. J., & Nichol, S. T. (2000). Genetic diversity among Lassa virus strains. Journal of virology, 74(15), 6992-7004. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.74.15.6992-7004.2000