Genetic Resistance Determinants in Clinical Acinetobacter pittii Genomes

Itziar Chapartegui-González, María Lázaro-Díez, José Ramos-Vivas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antimicrobial-resistant pathogenic bacteria are an increasing problem in public health, especially in the healthcare environment, where nosocomial infection microorganisms find their niche. Among these bacteria, the genus Acinetobacter which belongs to the ESKAPE pathogenic group harbors different multi-drug resistant (MDR) species that cause human nosocomial infections. Although A. baumannii has always attracted more interest, the close-related species A. pittii is the object of more study due to the increase in its isolation and MDR strains. In this work, we present the genomic analysis of five clinically isolated A. pittii strains from a Spanish hospital, with special attention to their genetic resistance determinants and plasmid structures. All the strains harbored different genes related to β-lactam resistance, as well as different MDR efflux pumps. We also found and described, for the first time in this species, point mutations that seem linked with colistin resistance, which highlights the relevance of this comparative analysis among the pathogenic species isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number676
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter pittii
  • MDR
  • WGS
  • nosocomial
  • plasmid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology

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