Genome integrity and inflammation in the nervous system

Aditi, Peter J. McKinnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preservation of genomic integrity is crucial for nervous system development and function. DNA repair deficiency results in several human diseases that are characterized by both neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation. Recent research has highlighted a role for compromised genomic integrity as a key factor driving neuropathology and triggering innate immune signaling to cause inflammation. Here we review the mechanisms by which DNA damage engages innate immune signaling and how this may promote neurological disease. We also consider the contributions of different neural cell types towards DNA damage-driven neuroinflammation. A deeper knowledge of genome maintenance mechanisms that prevent aberrant immune activation in neural cells will guide future therapies to ameliorate neurological disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103406
JournalDNA Repair
Volume119
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • DNA damage
  • Microglia
  • Nervous system
  • Neuroinflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genome integrity and inflammation in the nervous system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this