Genetic variation in 12 strains of dengue virus type 2, isolated from several epidemic areas in different years, was studied by chemical cleavage at mismatched cytosine in DNA:RNA heteroduplexes. End-labelled cDNA probes derived from the E and NS2A genes of the New Guinea C strain were hybridized to total RNA extracted from cells infected by individual isolates. Following modification of mismatched cytosine by hydroxylamine and nucleic acid strand cleavage by piperidine, the resulting fragments of radiolabelled probe were analysed by electrophoresis and autoradiography. The patterns of bands generated corresponded to the geographical groupings of the isolates. Thus this method is suitable in epidemiological studies for rapidly surveying a large number of isolates for genetic variation in a particular gene of interest.
- Dengue virus type 2
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