Glioblastoma and Methionine Addiction

Mark L. Sowers, Lawrence C. Sowers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glioblastoma is a fatal brain tumor with a bleak prognosis. The use of chemotherapy, primarily the alkylating agent temozolomide, coupled with radiation and surgical resection, has provided some benefit. Despite this multipronged approach, average patient survival rarely extends beyond 18 months. Challenges to glioblastoma treatment include the identification of functional pharmacologic targets as well as identifying drugs that can cross the blood-brain barrier. To address these challenges, current research efforts are examining metabolic differences between normal and tumor cells that could be targeted. Among the metabolic differences examined to date, the apparent addiction to exogenous methionine by glioblastoma tumors is a critical factor that is not well understood and may serve as an effective therapeutic target. Others have proposed this property could be exploited by methionine dietary restriction or other approaches to reduce methionine availability. However, methionine links the tumor microenvironment with cell metabolism, epigenetic regulation, and even mitosis. Therefore methionine depletion could result in complex and potentially undesirable responses, such as aneuploidy and the aberrant expression of genes that drive tumor progression. If methionine manipulation is to be a therapeutic strategy for glioblastoma patients, it is essential that we enhance our understanding of the role of methionine in the tumor microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7156
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume23
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • epigenetics
  • glioblastoma
  • metabolism
  • methionine
  • therapeutic development
  • tumor microenvironment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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