Goal directed fluid resuscitation decreases time for lactate clearance and facilitates early fascial closure in damage control surgery

Mira H. Ghneim, Justin L. Regner, Daniel C. Jupiter, Francis Kang, Gwen L. Bonner, Melissa S. Bready, Richard Frazee, David Ciceri, Matthew L. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Damage-control surgery frequently results in open abdomen. The objective of this study was to determine whether resuscitation with goal-directed fluid therapy (GDT) using "dynamic" hemodynamic indices via modern pulse contour analysis devices such as the FloTrac Vigileo monitor leads to lower fluid requirements, subsequent quicker abdominal closure, and overall improved outcomes in these patients. Methods Patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit with open abdomen were retrospectively reviewed. Those resuscitated with Vigileo-guided GDT were matched to those resuscitated by static clinical parameters. Results Total fluid intake and vasopressor requirements were similar in both groups. GDT with the Vigileo allowed earlier lactate clearance and reduced the number of days until abdominal wall closure by an average of.99 days. Conclusions Vigileo-mediated GDT did not affect fluid volume or vasopressor use in open abdomen patients, but facilitated more effective resuscitation and decreased the number of days to fascial closure, leading to shorter hospital stays. Vigileo-mediated GDT, therefore, may improve overall outcomes in open abdomen patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-1000
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume206
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Damage control surgery
  • Early abdominal wall closure
  • Early lactate clearance
  • Goal-directed therapy
  • Open abdomen
  • Vigileo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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