Green synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles using Bixa orellana seed extract and its application for solar cells

Ishwar Chandra Maurya, Shalini Singh, Sudipta Senapati, Pankaj Srivastava, Lal Bahadur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Mesoporous anatase TiO2 nanoparticles are the best photoanode materials for high performance DSSC. Chemical and physical methods used for the preparation of TiO2 nanoparticles suffer with environment related issues e.g. use of toxic solvents, hazardous by-products and consumptions of high energy. We have synthesized mesoporous anatase TiO2 nanoparticles from Titanium (IV) butoxide solution using Bixa orellana seed extract and further used it for making DSSC photoanode. The method offers environment friendly, cheaper and efficient DSSC. Structure, morphology, size and porosity of TiO2 nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM and N2 sorption measurements. The amount of dye loading by TiO2 was obtained using desorption technique which revealed much higher dye loading for the plant seed grown nanoparticles (G-TNP). TNP and G-TNP demonstrated photovoltaic conversion efficiencies 1.03% and 2.97% respectively. This study therefore demonstrates that the synthesized mesoporous anatase TiO2 naoparticles can serve as promising photoanode materials for DSSC applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)952-958
Number of pages7
JournalSolar Energy
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Bixa orellana
  • Dye-sensitized solar cell
  • Natural dye
  • Photoanode
  • Thin film
  • TiO nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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