Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor activation attenuates peripheral sensitization in inflammatory states

J. Du, S. Zhou, S. M. Carlton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    28 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Several lines of evidence indicate that Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) activation can depress sensory transmission. We have reported the expression of Group II mGluRs on unmyelinated axons, many of which were presumed to be nociceptors, in the rat digital nerve [Carlton SM, Hargett GL, Coggeshall RE (2001b) Localization of metabotropic glutamate receptors 2/3 on primary afferent axons in the rat. Neuroscience 105:957-969]. The goals of the present study are to further our understanding of Group II modulation of nociceptor processing in the periphery, documenting behavioral changes using inflammatory models and documenting, for the first time, cutaneous single fiber activity following exposure to a Group II agonist (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (APDC) and antagonist (2S)-2-amino-2-[(1S,2S)-2-carboxycycloprop-1-yl]-3-(xanth-9-yl) propanoic acid (LY341495, LY). The data indicate that peripheral Group II mGluR activation does not depress nociceptive behaviors or nociceptor fiber responses in the non-sensitized state (i.e. following brief nociceptive mechanical or thermal stimulation) but can depress these responses when nociceptors are sensitized by exposure to formalin or inflammatory soup. Group II mGluR agonist-induced inhibition can be blocked by a selective Group II antagonist. Peripheral Group II mGluR-induced inhibition evoked in these studies occurs through activation of local receptors and not through spinal or supraspinal mechanisms. The data indicate that administration of selective Group II agonists may be potent therapeutic agents for prevention of peripheral sensitization and for treatment of inflammatory pain.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)754-766
    Number of pages13
    JournalNeuroscience
    Volume154
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 23 2008

    Keywords

    • APDC
    • Group II mGluR
    • LY341495
    • formalin
    • inflammation
    • pain

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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