Hate Crime and Bias Victimization of Latinx Adults: Rates From a Multisite Community Sample

Carlos A. Cuevas, Amy Farrell, Jack McDevitt, Jesenia Robles, Sarah Lockwood, Isabel Geisler, Julie Van Westendorp, Jeff Temple, Sheldon Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To contribute a more complete and accurate understanding of rates of bias victimization toward Latinxs using self-report data from a community sample. Method: Totally, 910 Latinx adults from Boston, San Diego, and Houston were recruited through partnerships with community agencies and self-selection during local Latinx-focused events through the Spring and Summer of 2018. The survey evaluated experiences with hate crime, bias victimization, and non-bias victimization in their lifetime and past year. Background demographic information including immigration and documentation status were also queried. Results: The overall lifetime bias victimization rate for respondents was 52.9%. When focusing specifically on hate crimes this percentage was 28.4%, while the noncriminal bias victimization rate was 50%. There was a significant relationship between prior to past year bias victimization and past year nonbias victimization. Inversely, prior to past year non-bias victimization was also associated with past year bias victimization. Conclusion: The results of this study illustrate the limited nature of existing data sets on hate crime that rely on officially reported incidents or national surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-538
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Violence
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Latino
  • Latinx
  • bias crime
  • bias victimization
  • hate crime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology


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