HDAC1 promotes liver proliferation in young mice via interactions with C/EBPβ

Guo Li Wang, Elizabeth Salisbury, Xiurong Shi, Lubov Timchenko, Estela E. Medrano, Nikolai A. Timchenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


HDAC1 (histone deacetylase 1) regulates a number of biological processes in cells. Our previous studies revealed that HDAC1 inhibits proliferation of the livers in old mice. We have surprisingly observed that HDAC1 is also increased in young livers proliferating after partial hepatectomy (PH) and in human liver tumors. Increased levels of HDAC1 after PH lead to its interaction with a member of the C/EBP family, C/EBPβ, which is also elevated after PH. At early time points after PH, the HDAC1-C/EBPβ complex binds to the C/EBPα promoter and represses expression of C/EBPα. A detailed analysis of the role of HDAC1 and C/EBPβ proteins in the regulation of C/EBPα promoter showed that, whereas C/EBPβ alone activates the promoter, HDAC1 represses the promoter in a C/EBPβ-dependent manner. The inhibition of HDAC1 in the livers of young mice inhibits liver proliferation after PH, which is associated with high levels of C/EBPα. Consistent with the positive role of HDAC1-C/EBPβ complexes in liver proliferation, we have found that the CUGBP1-HDAC1-C/EBPβ pathway is activated in human tumor liver samples, suggesting that HDAC1-C/EBPβ complexes are involved in the development of liver tumors. The causal role of the CUGBP1-HDAC1 pathway in liver proliferation was examined in CUGBP1 transgenic mice, which display high levels of the CUGBP1-eIF2 complex. We have demonstrated that elevation of the HDAC1-C/EBPβ complexes in CUGBP1 transgenic mice reduces expression of C/EBPα and increases the rate of liver proliferation. Thus, these studies have identified a new pathway that promotes liver proliferation in young mice and might contribute to the malignant transformations in the liver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26179-26187
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 19 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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