Health-related quality of life: The impact of diagnostic angiography

Jo Ann Eastwood, Lynn V. Doering, Kathleen Dracup, Lorraine Evangelista, Ron D. Hays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: Little is known regarding the effects of index angiograms on health-related quality of life related to angiographic outcome, that is, positive or negative for coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: A longitudinal, comparative design was used. Ninety-three patients underwent initial angiography and completed questionnaires (Cardiac-Quality of Life Index, Short Form-36 mental and physical, and Cardiac Attitudes Index) before, 1 week and 1 year after angiography. Data were evaluated with linear regression and analysis of variance. Results: Fifty-five patients were CHD positive (age 65.3 ± 10.7 years, 49% were female), and 38 patients were CHD negative (age 59.5 ± 12 years, 53% were female). Compared with CHD-positive patients over 1 year, CHD-negative patients reported lower scores on the Cardiac-Quality of Life Index (P < .008), Short Form-36 mental and physical measures (P = .004), and Cardiac Attitudes Index (P = .05). Conclusion: CHD-negative patients experienced lower health-related quality of life and lower perceived control than CHD-positive patients. After an index angiogram, a negative finding may not be sufficient to relieve negative emotions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary heart disease
  • Diagnostic angiography
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Percutaneous coronary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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