Healthcare resource utilization in bipolar depression compared with unipolar depression: Results of a United States population-based study

Mark A. Frye, Joseph R. Calabrese, Michael L. Reed, Robert M A Hirschfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: This study examined healthcare utilization in the past year by subjects who screened positive for bipolar versus unipolar depression. Method: A self-administered survey was completed in 2002 by a United States population-based sample. Respondents were categorized into one of three subgroups: bipolar depressed screen positive (BP DEP+, n=394); unipolar depressed screen positive (UP DEP+, n=794); and control subjects (n=1,612). Results: For depressive symptoms in the past year, BP DEP+ respondents were significantly more likely than UP DEP+ respondents to report a healthcare visit to a number of diverse care providers. In analyses controlled for demographics and depression severity, the differences in psychiatric hospitalization, psychologist/counselor outpatient visit, substance abuse/social services visit, and number of emergency room visits remained significant between BP DEP+ and UP DEP+ respondents. Conclusion: Subjects with self-reported bipolar depression sought care more often from a number of diverse healthcare resources than subjects with self-reported unipolar depression. These findings underscore the morbidity associated with bipolar depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)704-710
Number of pages7
JournalCNS Spectrums
Volume11
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006

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Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Delivery of Health Care
Population
Depression
Social Work
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
1-(2-(dodecyloxy)ethyl)pyrrolidine hydrochloride
Hospital Emergency Service
Hospitalization
Outpatients
Demography
Surveys and Questionnaires
Psychology
Morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Healthcare resource utilization in bipolar depression compared with unipolar depression : Results of a United States population-based study. / Frye, Mark A.; Calabrese, Joseph R.; Reed, Michael L.; Hirschfeld, Robert M A.

In: CNS Spectrums, Vol. 11, No. 9, 09.2006, p. 704-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frye, Mark A. ; Calabrese, Joseph R. ; Reed, Michael L. ; Hirschfeld, Robert M A. / Healthcare resource utilization in bipolar depression compared with unipolar depression : Results of a United States population-based study. In: CNS Spectrums. 2006 ; Vol. 11, No. 9. pp. 704-710.
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