Helical organization of blood coagulation factor VIII on lipid nanotubes

Jaimy Miller, Daniela Dalm, Alexey Y. Koyfman, Kirill Grushin, Svetla Stoilova-McPhie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM)<sup>1</sup> is a powerful approach to investigate the functional structure of proteins and complexes in a hydrated state and membrane environment<sup>2</sup>. Coagulation Factor VIII (FVIII)<sup>3</sup> is a multi-domain blood plasma glycoprotein. Defect or deficiency of FVIII is the cause for Hemophilia type A - a severe bleeding disorder. Upon proteolytic activation, FVIII binds to the serine protease Factor IXa on the negatively charged platelet membrane, which is critical for normal blood clotting<sup>4</sup>. Despite the pivotal role FVIII plays in coagulation, structural information for its membrane-bound state is incomplete<sup>5</sup>. Recombinant FVIII concentrate is the most effective drug against Hemophilia type A and commercially available FVIII can be expressed as human or porcine, both forming functional complexes with human Factor IXa<sup>6, 7</sup>. In this study we present a combination of Cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM), lipid nanotechnology and structure analysis applied to resolve the membrane-bound structure of two highly homologous FVIII forms: human and porcine. The methodology developed in our laboratory to helically organize the two functional recombinant FVIII forms on negatively charged lipid nanotubes (LNT) is described. The representative results demonstrate that our approach is sufficiently sensitive to define the differences in the helical organization between the two highly homologous in sequence (86% sequence identity) proteins. Detailed protocols for the helical organization, Cryo-EM and electron tomography (ET) data acquisition are given. The two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) structure analysis applied to obtain the 3D reconstructions of human and porcine FVIII-LNT is discussed. The presented human and porcine FVIII-LNT structures show the potential of the proposed methodology to calculate the functional, membrane-bound organization of blood coagulation Factor VIII at high resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere51254
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number88
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2014

Keywords

  • Bioengineering
  • Coagulation factor VIII
  • Cryo-electron microscopy
  • Helical assembly
  • Issue 88
  • Lipid nanotubes
  • Membrane-bound organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Miller, J., Dalm, D., Koyfman, A. Y., Grushin, K., & Stoilova-McPhie, S. (2014). Helical organization of blood coagulation factor VIII on lipid nanotubes. Journal of Visualized Experiments, (88), [e51254]. https://doi.org/10.3791/51254