Several hepatitis C virus (HCV) proteins have been shown in vitro to interact with host cellular components that are involved in immune regulation. However, there is a paucity of data supporting the relevance of these observations to the in vivo situation. To test the hypothesis that such an interaction suppresses immune responses, we studied a line of transgenic C57BL/6 mice that express the HCV core and envelope proteins in the liver. The potential effects of these proteins on the hepatic immune response were evaluated by challenging these mice with a hepatotropic adenovirus. Both transgenic and nontransgenic mice developed similar courses of infection and cleared the virus from the liver by 28 days postinfection. Both groups of mice mounted similar immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgG2a, interleukin-2, and tumor necrosis factor alpha responses against the virus. Additionally, BALB/c mice were able to clear infection with recombinant adenovirus that does or does not express the HCV core and envelope 1 proteins in the same manner. These data suggest that HCV core and envelope proteins do not inhibit the hepatic antiviral mechanisms in these murine experimental systems and thus favor a model in which HCV circumvents host responses through a mechanism that does not involve general suppression of intrahepatic immune responses.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of virology|
|State||Published - Dec 17 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science