Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine

Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, R. Shane Tubbs, Anand N. Bosmia, Mohammad A.A. Fakhree, Abolghasem Jouyban, Margaret Wood Balch, Marios Loukas, Kazem Khodadoust, Majid Khalili, Garabed Eknoyan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In accord with the notions of humoralism that prevailed in medieval medicine, therapeutic interventions, including diuretics, were used to restore the disturbed balance among the four humors of the human body: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. Most diuretics were derived from plants. The primary textual reference on herbal diuretics was Dioscorides's De Materia Medica, which was written during the first century CE. Design: The authors reviewed the medieval medical texts written in Persian and Arabic and compiled a list of 135 herbal diuretics used by the medieval medical authorities for treating various ailments. Results: Between the 8th and 11th centuries CE, Middle Eastern physicians systematically reviewed extant books on medicine and pharmacotherapy and compiled new and expanded lists of herbal medicines, diuretics in particular. Furthermore, they introduced new chemical methods of extraction, distillation, and compounding in the use of herbal medicines. Conclusions: Several herbal remedies now are considered as potentially safe and affordable alternatives to chemical pharmaceuticals. Thus, research on medieval herbal therapies may prove to be relevant to the practice of current cardiovascular and renal pharmacotherapy. The authors propose that modern research methods can be employed to determine which of these agents actually are effective as diuretics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-320
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Arabic Medicine
Diuretics
Herbal Medicine
Humoralism
Bile
Medicine
Materia Medica
Phytotherapy
Drug Therapy
Wit and Humor
Distillation
Human Body
Research
Physicians
Kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Mohajel Shoja, M., Tubbs, R. S., Bosmia, A. N., Fakhree, M. A. A., Jouyban, A., Balch, M. W., ... Eknoyan, G. (2015). Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(6), 309-320. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2015.0031

Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine. / Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali; Tubbs, R. Shane; Bosmia, Anand N.; Fakhree, Mohammad A.A.; Jouyban, Abolghasem; Balch, Margaret Wood; Loukas, Marios; Khodadoust, Kazem; Khalili, Majid; Eknoyan, Garabed.

In: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, Vol. 21, No. 6, 01.06.2015, p. 309-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Mohajel Shoja, M, Tubbs, RS, Bosmia, AN, Fakhree, MAA, Jouyban, A, Balch, MW, Loukas, M, Khodadoust, K, Khalili, M & Eknoyan, G 2015, 'Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 309-320. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2015.0031
Mohajel Shoja M, Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Fakhree MAA, Jouyban A, Balch MW et al. Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2015 Jun 1;21(6):309-320. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2015.0031
Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali ; Tubbs, R. Shane ; Bosmia, Anand N. ; Fakhree, Mohammad A.A. ; Jouyban, Abolghasem ; Balch, Margaret Wood ; Loukas, Marios ; Khodadoust, Kazem ; Khalili, Majid ; Eknoyan, Garabed. / Herbal diuretics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine. In: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 21, No. 6. pp. 309-320.
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