We have found using differential display of mRNA that the growth factor heregulin β1 (HRG), a combinatorial ligand for human epidermal growth factor receptors (HERs), induced expression of G3BP, the Ras GTPase-activating protein SH3 domain-binding protein, in breast cancer cells. G3BP is a downstream effector protein of Ras signaling with ATP-dependent RNase and helicase activities, which may link Ras signaling with RNA turnover and cell cycle progression. In human breast cancer cells, HRG induced G3BP mRNA and protein expression. Up-regulation of G3BP was found in MCF7 breast cancer cells overexpressing HER2. G3BP was also overexpressed in human breast tumors in parallel with HER2 overexpression and in an estrogen-independent manner, suggesting a role for G3BP in cancer progression. In addition, HRG stimulation of breast cancer cells promoted phosphorylation of G3BP and increased the association of G3BP with GTPase-activating protein, both of which are essential for G3BP activity. G3BP ATPase activity was also significantly increased by HRG treatment. Furthermore, HRG treatment resulted in G3BP translocation to the nucleus and colocalization with acetylated histone H3, a hallmark of active transcription sites. G3BP induction, phosphorylation, ATPase activity, and relocalization after HRG treatment could all be blocked by pretreatment with the anti-receptor HER2 monoclonal antibody Herceptin (trastuzumab), which may suggest additional applications for this therapeutic antibody. These findings demonstrate for the first time the receptor-dependent regulation of G3BP, a downstream effector of Ras signaling, by HRG, a growth factor with diverse functions in breast cancer cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research