Introduction Previous studies demonstrated beneficial effects of early neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and subsequent inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibition on the development of multiple organ dysfunctions in septic sheep. However, the effects of NOS inhibition on regional blood flow remained undetermined. The current study was conducted to assess the effects of combined NOS inhibition on blood flow to various organs in an ovine sepsis model. Methods Eighteen adult, female sheep were randomly allocated to the following groups: (1) sham-injured, non-treated group, (2) injured (smoke inhalation and instillation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa into the lungs), non-treated group (control), and (3) injured, treated group (specific nNOS inhibition from 1 h to 12 h and iNOS inhibition from 12 h to 24 h post-injury). Fluorescent microspheres were injected at baseline and various time points post-injury. At the end of the 24-h experimental period, tissue from various organs was harvested. Results Blood flow to the ileum was significantly increased in the control group from 12 h to 24 h versus sham (P < 0.05). This increase was attenuated in the treatment group (P < 0.05). In contrast, blood flow to the pancreas was significantly increased in the treatment group after 12 h and 24 h versus both sham and control (P < 0.05). Blood flow to the spleen was significantly lower after 24 h in the control group versus sham and treatment (P < 0.05 both). Conclusions Combined NOS inhibition significantly influenced the pathologically altered organ perfusion during ovine sepsis. However, this treatment strategy showed heterogeneous effects on organ perfusion, perhaps dependent on the sepsis-related degree of NO production and ensuing changes in regional flow.
- Inducible nitric oxide synthase
- Neuronal nitric oxide synthase
- Regional blood flow
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine