Proinflammatory cytokines and eicosanoids are central players in intestinal inflammation. IL-1, a key cytokine associated with intestinal mucosal inflammation, induces COX-2 expression in human colonic myofibroblasts (CMF) and increased prostaglandin E2 secretion is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC). We have previously demonstrated that IL-1α-induced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is the result of NF-κB- and ERK-mediated transcription, as well as COX-2 message stabilization, which depends on p38, MAPKAPK-2 (MK-2) and human antigen R (HuR) RNA binding protein activation. Lipoxygenase (LOX)-derived hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) are elevated in IBD and colonic adenomas and "cross talk" has been observed between the COX and LOX pathways. Since COX-2 expression is primarily in CMFs in colonic adenomas, we examined the impact of LOX metabolites, particularly HETEs, on IL-1α-induced COX-2 expression in human CMFs. Although 5(S)-, 12(R)-, and 15(S)-HETEs alone had little to no effect on COX-2 expression, they enhanced IL-1-mediated COX-2 expression 3.6 ± 0.5-fold. Studies utilizing heterogeneous nuclear RNA amplification and 5,6-dichloro-β-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole treatment were undertaken to measure COX-2 transcription and message stabilization, respectively. We found that HETEs enhanced IL-1-induced COX-2 mRNA levels in CMF as the result of increased p38, MK-2, and HuR activity, increasing message stability greater than that observed with IL-1 alone. Thus HETEs can act synergistically with IL-1α to induce COX-2 expression in human CMFs. HETEs may play a role in both colonic inflammation and in increasing the risk of CRC in IBD independently and via induction of COX-2-mediated prostaglandin secretion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - Oct 2007|
- Colorectal cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)