High-dose BAFF receptor specific mAb-siRNA conjugate generates Fas-expressing B cells in lymph nodes and high-affinity serum autoantibody in a myasthenia mouse model

Naazneen Ibtehaj, Ruksana Huda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated potential therapeutic effects of a conjugate of BAFF receptor specific-monoclonal antibody and short interference RNA in a mouse model of myasthenia gravis (EAMG). Whereas high-dose siRNA conjugate resulted in significant accumulation of Fas expressing CD19+/B220+ cells and concurrent expression of type 1 interferon in lymph nodes, low-dose conjugate did not induce FAS expression but caused marked BAFF receptor deficiency in lymph nodes that was further associated with improved MG symptoms. Unexpectedly, despite inhibiting BAFF receptor significantly in PBMCs and secondary lymphoid organs, conjugate treatment did not reduce the levels of autoantibody. Rather, at high dose, it caused robust increase in high affinity anti-AChR antibody and increased levels of serum IL10 and IL-4 cytokines. Our findings reveal a previously undocumented, dose dependent, immunomodulatory distant effect resulting from BAFF receptor specific mAb-siRNA conjugate treatment in an in vivo model of autoimmune disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume176
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • AChR
  • Autoimmunity
  • BAFF receptor (BR)
  • EAMG
  • Fas
  • mAb-siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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