High-risk liver transplant recipients with grade 3 acute on chronic liver failure should receive the good quality graft

Ashwani K. Singal, Yong Fang Kuo, Muhammad Waleed, Robert J. Wong, Vinay Sundaram, Rajiv Jalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aim: We aimed to develop a risk score for LT recipients and donor selection among patients with ACLF-3. Methods and Results: A total of 7166 adult LT recipients (mean age 53 years, 63% males, 56% Caucasians, 42% obese, median MELD score 36.5) using deceased donor grafts in the UNOS database (01/2002–06/2018) who were in ACLF-3 at LT as per EASL-CLIF criteria were analysed. Cox regression model on the derivation dataset (N = 3583) showed recipient age, non-alcohol aetiology, pulmonary failure, brain failure and cardiovascular failure to be associated with 1-year patient survival. Observed and expected post-transplant 1-year survival showed excellent correlation (R =.920). Risk score from cox model on derivation dataset stratified 3583 recipients in validation cohort using cut-off scores 7.55 and 11.57 to low (N = 1211), medium (N = 1168) and high risk (N = 1199), with 1-year patient survival of 89%, 82% and 80% respectively. Based on poor versus good quality graft (donor risk index cut-off at 1.50), 1-year patient survival for low, medium and high-risk categories were 90 versus 89% (p =.490), 83 versus 82% (p =.390) and 83 versus 78% (p =.038) respectively. Among recipients with a high-risk score, donor factors of age ≥60 years, grafts obtained from national sharing and macro-steatosis >15% were associated with 1-year patient survival below 66%. Conclusion: Among ACLF-3 liver transplant recipients, those with high risk at the time of transplant receiving better quality graft will improve post-transplant outcomes. Prospective studies using additional characteristics are needed to derive an accurate risk score model in predicting post-transplant outcomes among recipients with ACLF-3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1629-1637
Number of pages9
JournalLiver International
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • ACLF
  • UNOS
  • cirrhosis
  • mortality
  • organ failure
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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