High seroprevalence of dengue virus infection in Sudan: systematic review and meta-analysis

Adel Hussein Elduma, A. Desiree LaBeaud, Jessica A. Plante, Kenneth S. Plante, Ayman Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The goal of this study was to systematically review the published data on dengue virus (DENV) seroprevalence in Sudan and to estimate disease burden through meta-analysis. We searched, reviewed, and extracted online available reports on DENV in Sudan. Among 168 identified records, 19 were selected. Dengue infections were documented in 11/18 states. The overall seroprevalence of DENV in Sudan was estimated to be 27%, while the prevalence of dengue IgM was 22% and IgG was 38%. The prevalence of dengue estimated from community and hospital-based cross-sectional studies were 26% and 30% respectively. Additionally, one cohort study and a single PCR-based study reported a prevalence of 1% and 4%, respectively. Regional analysis revealed that the variation in seroprevalence in East, North, West, and Central Sudan was 23%, 24%, 36% and 43%, respectively. Interestingly, we found that DENV is circulating countrywide with a significant spatiotemporal variation in the disease seroprevalence. Furthermore, publications on dengue prevalence are temporally and geographically fragmented, perhaps due to limited resources. However, this gap in data and knowledge highlights the urgent need for a country-wide surveillance system and continued study of dengue burden in Sudan to accurately estimate the disease prevalence and determine the associated risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • Arboviruses
  • Dengue fever
  • Dengue virus
  • Emergence
  • Meta-analysis
  • Re-emergence
  • Sudan
  • Systematic reviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases


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