Highlights of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Studies Presented at the 2024 American College of Cardiology Conference

Kartik Gupta, Bharat Rawlley, Chelsea Meloche, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Melody Hermel, Leandro Slipczuk, Sana Sheikh, Adeel Khoja, Elizabeth M. Vaughan, Mayank Dalakoti, Salim S. Virani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To summarize selected late-breaking science on cardiovascular (CV) disease prevention presented at the 2024 Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) conference. Recent Findings: The LIBerate-HR trial showed the efficacy and safety of lerodalcibep, a subcutaneous injection that prevents binding of Pro-Protein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin (PCSK) 9 to low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-receptors resulting in LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering in patients at very high risk or high risk of atherosclerotic CV disease (ASCVD). The AEGIS-II randomized patients with type 1 myocardial infarction (MI) with multivessel coronary artery disease and additional CV risk factors and found no benefit in major adverse CV events (MACE) with CSL112, an apolipoprotein A1 infusion shown to increase cholesterol efflux capacity. The Bridge-TIMI 73a trial showed a significant reduction in triglyceride (TG) levels with olezarsen, an antisense mRNA, in patients with moderate hyperTG with elevated CV risk. The BE ACTIVE trial showed significant improvement in step counts in patients given behavioral and financial incentives. The DRIVE study showed a significant increase in the prescription of either sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors or glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at elevated CV or renal risk with a remote team-based, non-licensed navigator and clinical pharmacist approach. The TACTiC trial showed increased and sustained use of statin therapy by patient-driven use of a web-based portal that calculated the ASCVD risk score and gave prompts. The VICTORIAN-INITIATE trial showed efficacy and safety in early use of inclisiran in patients with ASCVD who did not reach target LDL-C < 70 mg/dL despite maximally tolerated statin therapy. The ARISE-HF trial showed no difference in change of peak oxygen consumption with the use of an oral aldose reductase inhibitor, AT-001, in patients with well-controlled T2DM and diabetic cardiomyopathy with high-risk features compared to placebo. The PREVENT trial showed a significant reduction in target vessel failure at 2 years in patients with non-flow limiting vulnerable plaques with percutaneous coronary intervention and optimal medical therapy (OMT) compared to OMT alone. Summary: The late-breaking clinical science presented at the 2024 Scientific Session of the ACC paves the way for an evidence-based alternative to statin therapy and provides data on several common clinical scenarios encountered in daily practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Atherosclerosis Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • ARISE
  • BE ACTIVE
  • BRIDGE-TIMI
  • DRIVE
  • Liberate-HR
  • PREVENT
  • SHASHTA
  • TACTIC
  • VICTORIAN-INITIATE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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