Histopathologic consequences of hyperglycemic cerebral ischemia during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in pigs

Brendan P. Conroy, Marjorie R. Grafe, Larry W. Jenkins, Alejandro H. Vela, Cheng Y. Lin, Douglas S. DeWitt, William E. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background. This study examined whether 34°C or 31°C hypothermia during global cerebral ischemia with hyperglycemic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in surviving pigs improves electroencephalographic (EEG) recovery and histopathologic scores when compared with normothermic animals. Methods. Anesthetized pigs were placed on CPB and randomly assigned to 37°C (n = 9), 34°C (n = 10), or 31°C (n = 8) management. After increasing serum glucose to 300 mg/dL, animals underwent 15 minutes of global cerebral ischemia by temporarily occluding the innominate and left subclavian arteries. Following reperfusion, rewarming, and termination of CPB, animals were recovered for 24 (37°C animals) or 72 hours (34°C and 31°C animals). Daily EEG signals were recorded, and brain histopathology from cortical, hippocampal, and cerebellar regions was graded by an independent observer. Results. Before ischemia, serum glucose concentrations were similar in the 37°C (307 ± 9 mg/dL), 34°C (311 ± 14 mg/dL), and 31°C (310 ± 15) groups. By the first postoperative day, EEG scores in 31°C animals (4.2 ± 0.6) had returned to baseline and were greater than those in the 34°C (3.4 ± 0.5) and 37°C (2.5 ± 0.4) groups (p < 0.05, respectively, between groups). Cooling to 34°C showed selective improvement over 37°C in hippocampal, temporal cortical, and cerebellar regions, but the greatest improvement in all regions occurred with 31°C. Cumulative neuropathology scores in 31°C animals (13.5 ± 2.2) exceeded 34°C (6.8 ± 2.2) and 37°C (1.9 ± 2.1) animals (p < 0.05, respectively, between groups). Conclusions. Hypothermia during CPB significantly reduced the morphologic consequences of severe, temporary cerebral ischemia under hyperglycemic conditions, with the greatest protection at 31°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1325-1334
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Histopathologic consequences of hyperglycemic cerebral ischemia during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in pigs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this