HIV-Adapted Group Prenatal Care: Assessing Viral Suppression and Postpartum Retention in Care

Jennifer McKinney, Josef Jackson, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Latia Hickerson, Joanna Hawkins, Yvette Peters, Judy Levison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Viral suppression and postpartum retention in care have far-reaching health implications for pregnant women living with HIV and their children, yet remain public health challenges. Prenatal care presents a unique opportunity to engage pregnant women in care. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether group prenatal care is effective in impacting these outcomes for pregnant women living with HIV. A retrospective cohort study was performed of all women living with HIV who obtained prenatal care from a community-based health center between 2013 and 2019. Women who spoke English or Spanish, remained within the system, and had not participated in group prenatal care previously were included. Women self-selected a prenatal care model: 85 selected group care and 109 elected individual care. Group prenatal care followed a standard Centering Pregnancy® curriculum with the addition of HIV-related topics. The primary outcomes of the study were viral suppression (viral load <20 copies/mL) and postpartum retention in care (attending at least one or two visits with HIV primary care within 12 months postpartum). After adjusting for potential confounding factors, women who participated in group prenatal care were significantly more likely to have at least one HIV primary care visit postpartum {adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.71 [95% confidence interval (CI 1.14-6.46)]; p = 0.024}, and had a trend for achieving viral suppression by the time of delivery [aOR = 2.29 (95% CI 0.94-5.55); p = 0.068]. We have demonstrated that group prenatal care for pregnant women living with HIV is feasible and effective, with positive impacts on retention in care and viral suppression, factors that affect long-term outcomes from patients living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Patient Care and STDs
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV
  • perinatal transmission
  • pregnancy
  • prenatal care
  • retention in care
  • viral suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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