HIV and aging: Role of the microbiome

Seema N. Desai, Alan L. Landay

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review The purpose of this article is to review age-Associated alterations in microbiota composition, diversity and functional features in context of immune senescence, chronic inflammation and comorbidities associated with HIV infection. The overall goal is to assess whether modulating the microbiome will likely improve resilience of the immune system and augment return to health. Recent findings Alteration in the gut microbiota composition diversity and function occur in HIV and aging. Importantly, butyrate producing bacteria are reduced in both HIV and aging individuals. There is increasing relevance of studying metabolomics in the context of HIV-Associated non-AIDS comorbidities and aging. Interventional prospects of probiotics, prebiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation in HIV and aging will provide novel therapeutic approaches. Summary Increasing evidence suggests a significant link in changes in the composition, diversity and functional aspects of intestinal microbiome with normal aging and HIV infection. Data on association of metabolites produced by the microbiome with HIV-Associated non-AIDS comorbidities is mounting. The impact of the microbiome alterations on inflammation, immune and organ senescence and mechanisms by which bio-behavioral pathways will exacerbate these outcomes needs to be further evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in HIV and AIDS
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aging
  • comorbidities alcohol and substance use
  • HIV
  • immune activation
  • inflammation
  • microbiome
  • senescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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