Hope, mood states and quality of life in female heart transplant recipients

Lorraine Evangelista, Lynn V. Doering, Kathleen Dracup, Maria Espejo Vassilakis, Jon Kobashigawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The role of hope on mood states and quality of life (QOL) in heart transplant recipients has not been examined previously. This exploratory study was done to describe levels of hope, mood states and QOL; examine relationships between these variables and demographic characteristics; and identify predictors of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Methods: Fifty women from a single heart transplant clinic were asked to complete the Herth Hope Index (HHI), Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL) and SF-12 (which produces a physical component summary [PCS] and a mental component summary [MCS]). Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: Patients on average were 54.7 ± 13.0 years of age and had undergone heart transplantation 5.2 ± 4.4 years prior to study participation. Patients reported experiencing moderately low hope, and moderately high anxiety, depression and hostility. They also exhibited low levels of QOL as reflected in their low PCS and MCS scores. There was a strong positive association between hope, mood states and MCS (p = 0.001). In a multiple regression model, age, hope and depression accounted for 69% of the variance in the MCS. Conclusions: The study supports the strong association between hope, mood states and the MCS of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Hope was an independent predictor of mood states and QOL. This finding suggests that interventions directed at fostering hope among heart transplant recipients may be the key to improving their QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-686
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hope
Quality of Life
Depression
Transplant Recipients
Foster Home Care
Hostility
Heart Transplantation
Checklist
Anxiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Hope, mood states and quality of life in female heart transplant recipients. / Evangelista, Lorraine; Doering, Lynn V.; Dracup, Kathleen; Vassilakis, Maria Espejo; Kobashigawa, Jon.

In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Vol. 22, No. 6, 01.06.2003, p. 681-686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Evangelista, Lorraine ; Doering, Lynn V. ; Dracup, Kathleen ; Vassilakis, Maria Espejo ; Kobashigawa, Jon. / Hope, mood states and quality of life in female heart transplant recipients. In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. 2003 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. 681-686.
@article{835dd174716741d99f925aa501af0639,
title = "Hope, mood states and quality of life in female heart transplant recipients",
abstract = "Objective: The role of hope on mood states and quality of life (QOL) in heart transplant recipients has not been examined previously. This exploratory study was done to describe levels of hope, mood states and QOL; examine relationships between these variables and demographic characteristics; and identify predictors of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Methods: Fifty women from a single heart transplant clinic were asked to complete the Herth Hope Index (HHI), Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL) and SF-12 (which produces a physical component summary [PCS] and a mental component summary [MCS]). Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: Patients on average were 54.7 ± 13.0 years of age and had undergone heart transplantation 5.2 ± 4.4 years prior to study participation. Patients reported experiencing moderately low hope, and moderately high anxiety, depression and hostility. They also exhibited low levels of QOL as reflected in their low PCS and MCS scores. There was a strong positive association between hope, mood states and MCS (p = 0.001). In a multiple regression model, age, hope and depression accounted for 69{\%} of the variance in the MCS. Conclusions: The study supports the strong association between hope, mood states and the MCS of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Hope was an independent predictor of mood states and QOL. This finding suggests that interventions directed at fostering hope among heart transplant recipients may be the key to improving their QOL.",
author = "Lorraine Evangelista and Doering, {Lynn V.} and Kathleen Dracup and Vassilakis, {Maria Espejo} and Jon Kobashigawa",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S1053-2498(02)00652-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "681--686",
journal = "Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation",
issn = "1053-2498",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hope, mood states and quality of life in female heart transplant recipients

AU - Evangelista, Lorraine

AU - Doering, Lynn V.

AU - Dracup, Kathleen

AU - Vassilakis, Maria Espejo

AU - Kobashigawa, Jon

PY - 2003/6/1

Y1 - 2003/6/1

N2 - Objective: The role of hope on mood states and quality of life (QOL) in heart transplant recipients has not been examined previously. This exploratory study was done to describe levels of hope, mood states and QOL; examine relationships between these variables and demographic characteristics; and identify predictors of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Methods: Fifty women from a single heart transplant clinic were asked to complete the Herth Hope Index (HHI), Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL) and SF-12 (which produces a physical component summary [PCS] and a mental component summary [MCS]). Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: Patients on average were 54.7 ± 13.0 years of age and had undergone heart transplantation 5.2 ± 4.4 years prior to study participation. Patients reported experiencing moderately low hope, and moderately high anxiety, depression and hostility. They also exhibited low levels of QOL as reflected in their low PCS and MCS scores. There was a strong positive association between hope, mood states and MCS (p = 0.001). In a multiple regression model, age, hope and depression accounted for 69% of the variance in the MCS. Conclusions: The study supports the strong association between hope, mood states and the MCS of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Hope was an independent predictor of mood states and QOL. This finding suggests that interventions directed at fostering hope among heart transplant recipients may be the key to improving their QOL.

AB - Objective: The role of hope on mood states and quality of life (QOL) in heart transplant recipients has not been examined previously. This exploratory study was done to describe levels of hope, mood states and QOL; examine relationships between these variables and demographic characteristics; and identify predictors of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Methods: Fifty women from a single heart transplant clinic were asked to complete the Herth Hope Index (HHI), Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL) and SF-12 (which produces a physical component summary [PCS] and a mental component summary [MCS]). Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: Patients on average were 54.7 ± 13.0 years of age and had undergone heart transplantation 5.2 ± 4.4 years prior to study participation. Patients reported experiencing moderately low hope, and moderately high anxiety, depression and hostility. They also exhibited low levels of QOL as reflected in their low PCS and MCS scores. There was a strong positive association between hope, mood states and MCS (p = 0.001). In a multiple regression model, age, hope and depression accounted for 69% of the variance in the MCS. Conclusions: The study supports the strong association between hope, mood states and the MCS of QOL in female heart transplant recipients. Hope was an independent predictor of mood states and QOL. This finding suggests that interventions directed at fostering hope among heart transplant recipients may be the key to improving their QOL.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037785162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037785162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1053-2498(02)00652-6

DO - 10.1016/S1053-2498(02)00652-6

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 681

EP - 686

JO - Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

JF - Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation

SN - 1053-2498

IS - 6

ER -