Human milk supplementation. Delivery of energy, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, and zinc

J. Bhatia, D. K. Rassin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human milk when fed to preterm infants is frequently supplemented with human milk fortifiers that provide an additional source of protein, energy, and minerals. Human milk that was provided by the mother of a preterm infant, and that was supplemented with commercially available human milk fortifiers, was assessed under simulated syringepump and bolus feeding circumstances for the delivery of energy, calcium, phosphorus, copper, magnesium, and zinc to an infant. In general, the nutrients were not completely delivered with syringepump feedings, with the greatest losses occurring in the concentrations of calcium and phosphorus. The losses were more pronounced with the use of a powdered fortifier than with the use of a liquid fortifier. Little or no change in the concentrations of the various nutrients were observed with simulated bolus feeding. We suggest that human milk fortified with supplements be fed with care to assure complete delivery of the nutrients and that infants receiving such feedings be monitored to assure adequate nutritional status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-447
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume142
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988

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Human Milk
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Zinc
Copper
Calcium
Premature Infants
Food
Nutritional Status
Minerals
Mothers
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Human milk supplementation. Delivery of energy, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, and zinc. / Bhatia, J.; Rassin, D. K.

In: American Journal of Diseases of Children, Vol. 142, No. 4, 1988, p. 445-447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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