Tumor suppressor genes p53 and Rb are important in cell cycle control. Necessity of wild type p53 is implicated in irradiation-induced apoptosis. Numerous tumor cells carry p53 mutations and yet are sensitive to irradiation or chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore p53- and Rb-independent pathways must exist to account for irradiation-induced apoptosis. We evaluated the apoptotic response of a p53- and Rb-mutated, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) negative cervical cancer cell line (C33a), and C33a cell Lines infected with HPV 18 oncoproteins E6, E7, and E6 and 7 using recombinant retrovirus to various apoptosis-inducing agents including gamma irradiation, mitomycin C (MMC), and staurosporine (SSP). Apoptosis was measured by avidinebiotin tunnel staining method. Our results showed significant apoptosis in C33a cell lines in response to gamma-irradiation, MMC, and SSP. Moreover, apoptosis was enhanced when HPV 18 E6, and E6 and 7 infected C33a cell lines were treated with irradiation, MMC, and SSP. HPV 18 E7 infected C33a cell lines enhanced the apoptotic response to irradiation and to MMC, but not to SP. In conclusion, our results imply the presence of a p53- and Rb-independent pathway in irradiation-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cell lines: this effect is even more evident in HPV oncoprotein infected cell lines. The radiosensitizing effects of HPV oncoproteins may lead to new perspectives in the treatment of cervical cancer.
|Number of pages
|European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
|Published - Jul 1 1999
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology